Sawgrass Marriott Bee & Garden Program – Apprentice Level (V.1.3)

Honey Bee Apprentice Level

(V.1.3 Oct.10, 2018; V1.2 – Jan.2, 2018, Matt Sanchez)


Required Text:

“Beginning Beekeeping”

CP Dadant


Has Completed Two Full Seasons

Season A) _____________

Season B) _____________


Completed one or more of the following projects:

Construct a Langstroth type colony consisting of at least 5 frames

⁃ Construct a top bar hive colony consisting of at least 5 bars

⁃ Construct a forage map of nectar and pollen plants on the property

⁃ Speak about honey bees to non-beekeepers at an event off property

⁃ Participate in a swarm removal


Is able to identify and/or is proficient with using the following types of equipment or techniques (initialed by mentor during the process of On the Job Training) O.J.T.:

____ Hive Tool

____ Smoker

____ Garden Cover

____ Inner Cover

____ Migratory Cover

____ Queen Excluder

____ Honey Super

____ Honey Frame

____ Beetle Trap

____ Brood Box

____ Brood Frame

____ Baffle

____ Bottom Board

____ Boardman Feeder

____ I.D. Deep, Medium, & Shallow Box /Frames

____ Cell Builder

____ Cell Finisher

____ Mating Nuc

____ Refractometer

____ Queen

____ Worker

____ Laying Worker

____ Drone

____ Drone Cell

____ Worker Cell

____ Queen Cell

____ Honey Cell

____ Bee Bread Cell

____ Brood Cell

____ Propolis

____ Emergency Cells

____ Swarm Cells

____ Hive Beetle

____ Carpenter Ant


At the end of two seasons and completion of O.J.T., the apprentice will be required to take a comprehensive test and pass with a score of 78 or higher to proceed to the next level.


Apprentice Level Exam Guide

SECTION I) PRACTICAL – demonstrates proficiency with / able to identify the following:

___ Smoker lighting using matches and natural material gathered from the environment around the apiary. Smoker must remain lit for 5 minutes with no pumping of bellows.

___ Entering the Apiary and Approaching a Colony

___ Using a Bee Suit / Veil

___ Using a Hive Tool

___ Removing the Cover to a Colony

___ Removing a Frame

___ Holding a Frame

___ Replacing a Frame

___ Installing / Refilling the Boardman Feeder

(Find / describe the following items inside the colony)

___ Queen

___ Worker

___ Drone

___ Drone Cell

___ Worker Cell

___ Queen Cell

___ Hive Beetle

___ Honey Cell

___ Bee Bread Cell

___ Brood Cell

___ Propolis

___ Burr / Cross Comb

___ Describe the laying pattern in brood area and what it might indicate

___ Describe food crops planted during the two seasons you have apprenticed and explain why they were selected

___ Describe what major nectar and /or pollen sources are available during the seasons you have apprenticed.

SECTION II) WRITTEN – comprised of multiple choice and essay type questions

____ Who is often referred to as the “father” of American Beekeeping and why?

____ Describe the importance of bees in agriculture

____ What is the number one honey bee pollination crop in the world?

____ Apis mellifera ligustica

____ What is a corbicula?

____ Why is the honey bee classified as an insect?

____ Honey bees are in the order Hymenoptera, name two other insects found in this family?

____ What four things do bees gather?

____ What wave length of light do honey bees see?

____ What type of light can bees see that helps them with flight direction/orientation?

____ What is a mating flight; how far is the flight typically, where does the bee go to on the flight and how many times does the bee take this flight in its lifetime?

____ What are orientation flights?

____ What are cleansing flights?

____ What is Colony drift?

____ How far do worker bees typically forage? How far can worker bees forage if food is scarce?

____ how long does a worker bee take to emerge as an adult from an egg?

____ how long does a queen take to emerge as an adult from an egg?

____ how long does a drone take to emerge as an adult from an egg?

____ Describe reproduction at the individual and colony level

____ What is the nasanov gland and where is it found on the bee?

____ What is QMP?

____ Colony’s Main Goal

____ What is “bee space”

____ What is a skep?

____ What is honey hunting?

____ What is apitherapy?

____ How many species of bee are classified as honey bees?

____ Where is the honey bee said to originate from?

____ Is it possible to import honey bees from outside the US and if not, why?

____ What is a dearth?

____ What is a flow?

____ When do dearths occur at the property?

____ When do flows occur at the property?

____ What is the waggle dance?

____ What is temporal polyethism?

____ How Bees Communicate with Pheromones

____ Describe Swarm Impulse

____ What is a dry swarm

____ What is the temperature in the center of a cluster of bees?

____ How do bees maintain cluster temperature in hot weather and in cold weather?

____ Explain the effect of pesticides on bees

____ What is Colony Collapse Disorder

____ Describe at least two methods of monitoring for varrora mites and how to interpret the results

____ What is an organic acid?

____ What organic acids are approved for use with honey bees in the US?

____ What is LD 50?

____ What is IPM?

____ Who is Dr. Warwick Kerr, what did he do and why did he do it?

____ Where can bees that carry genetics from Dr. Kerr’s experiment be found in Florida?

____ Name two methods used to determine if a European honey bee has been hybridized

____ What do state bee inspectors do to manage hybridized bees?

____ What is required from the department of agriculture to own honey bees in the state of Florida?

___ How much of a honey frame needs to be capped with wax prior to pulling it for extraction?

____What must the percentage of moisture measure in honey? Why is it important?

____ How long does honey last?

____ Why are warning labels placed on honey jars about feeding raw honey to infants under 1 year of age?

____ What is the maximum temperature that honey can be heated before it is no longer considered raw?

____ What is pasteurized honey?

____ What is HMF?

____ Why was honey from China banned?

____ What is honey dew?

SECTION III) LAB: Identify the following based on preserved specimens or photographs of specimens / conditions associated with the disease state

____ Varroa Mite

____ Wax Moths (Greater & Lesser)

____ American Foul Brood

____ European Foul Brood

____ Sac Brood

____ Chalk Brood

____ Stone Brood

____ Nosema (cerane & apis)

____ Deformed Wing Virus

____ Laying Workers